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ПИТАННЯ З ТЕОРЕТИЧНОЇ ФОНЕТИКИ АНГЛІЙСЬКОЇ МОВИ

  1. Phonetics as a science and its branches. Phonetics at the intersection of linguistic studies. Phonetics and English language teaching. Theoretical and practical importance of research in the field of phonetics.
  2. Phonological system of English. The hierarchy of phonological units. Phoneme as the smallest discrete phonological unit and its functions.
  3. Basic methods of phonological analysis. Phonological rules. The system of phonological oppositions in English.
  4. The distinctive features theory. The system of phonological oppositions. From the history of phoneme theory. Schools of Phonology.
  5. Modifications of phonemes in the speech continuum. Classification of allophones.
  6. The articulation basis of English and that of the student’s mother tongue. Articulatory distinction of typologically identical sounds in the student’s mother tongue.
  7. The system of English phonemes.
  8. Types of transcription: broad and narrow. Basic problems of phonetic transcription. The International Phonetic Alphabet.
  9. English consonants. Problems of their phonological analysis and classification.
  10. English vowels. Problems of their phonological analysis and classification.
  11. Syllable as a phonetic and phonological unit. The structure and types of syllables in English, their graphical representation. Functions of the syllable. Syllable formation theories. Main problems of the phonetic aspect of syllable in English.
  12. Phonotactics as a branch of phonology. Basic rules of syllable division. Typical phonotactic possibilities in the structure of English syllables and words. Phonological constraints on sound clusters in the onset and coda.
  13. Word accent/word stress as a component of the word phonetic structure and its functions. Acoustic and perceptual cues to word accent. Types of word accents. Linguistically relevant degrees of word stress.
  14. Word accentuation tendencies and basic word stress patterns in English. Rhythmical patterns of lexical stress in words of Anglo-Saxon origin and in French borrowings.
  15. Suprasegmental Phonology. Intonation as the complex semantic unity of suprasegmental features. Different approaches to the definition of intonation and its components.
  16. Intonation and prosody. Prosodic subsystems, their acoustic and auditory properties. Functions of intonation/prosody and its subsystems.
  17. Intonation group as a meaningful unit in speech communication. Functional parts of the intonation group and their semantic loading. Possible types of intonation groups in English. Different systems of graphical notation of intonation.
  18. Utterance stress, its types and problems of classification. The interrelation of word-stress and utterance stress.
  19. Speech melody as a subsystem of intonation. Functions of its components. Nuclear tones in the system of English intonation. .
  20. Pausation and tempo in the structure of English intonation. Their functions.
  21. Rhythm as a linguistic notion. English speech rhythm. Types of rhythmic units. Guidelines for teaching English speech rhythm.
  22. Phonostylistics as a branch of phonetics; its linkage with other linguistic disciplines. Extralinguistic factors causing phonetic modifications of speech. Phonetic styles, the problem of their definition and classification.
  23. Main prosodic peculiarities of the conversational phonostyle. Intonation of dialogues and monologues.
  24. The attitudinal function of intonation in the conversational style and the use of emphatic complex tones.
  25. Main prosodic peculiarities of the publicistic (oratorial) phonostyle.
  26. Main prosodic peculiarities of the academic (scientific) phonostyle.
  27. Main prosodic peculiarities of the informational phonostyle.
  28. Main prosodic peculiarities of the Declamatory (Artistic or Belles-letter) phonostyle: fiction, drama, poetry.
  29. Dialectology and dialect studies. The linguistic atlas of England and the United States. National pronunciation standards of English in the English—speaking countries. Orthoepic Norms and the choice of the teaching norm.
  30. The orthoepic norm of English and its types. Phonetic changes in the present-day standard English. Regional and social variants in the British English pronunciation.
  31. Received Pronunciation and Estuary English as a recent development of standard British English. The sociolinguistic aspect of Estuary English.
  32. Regional types of English pronunciation. Major differences between regional variants of English pronunciation and Received Pronunciation.
  33. American-based pronunciation standards of English. Major differences between General American and Received Pronunciation on the segmental and suprasegmental levels.