1. The Germanic language family. General characteristics.
2. Word stress in Proto-Germanic and its morphological consequences.
3. The Proto-Germanic phonology. The consonants.
4. The first consonant shifting (Grimm’s Law).
5. Voicing of fricatives in Proto-Germanic (Verner’s Law).
6. The West Germanic lengthening of consonants.
7. The second consonant-shifting (High German).
8. The ablaut in the Indo-European languages and Germanic languages.
9. The Proto-Germanic phonology. The vowels.
10. The umlaut in Old Germanic languages.
11. The inflectional system of Proto-Germanic: general concept.
12. The verb categories in Old Germanic languages.
13. Strong verbs in Gothic language.
14. The weak verbs in Old Germanic languages.
15. Preterite-present verbs in Old Germanic languages.
16. The verbals in Old Germanic languages. Infinitive and participle: their origin and morphological categories.
17. Nominal parts of speech in Old Germanic languages, their morphological categories.
18. Old Germanic noun and its morphological categories.
19. The morphological structure of the noun in Proto-Germanic.
20. Old Germanic strong declension of nouns.
21. Old Germanic weak declension of nouns.
22. Old Germanic strong and weak declension of adjectives.
23. The pronoun in Old Germanic languages: its morphological categories.
24. The vocabulary of Proto-Germanic.
25. The Indo-European legacy in the Germanic vocabulary: the notion of isogloss.
26. Old Germanic vocabulary: common Germanic word stock.
27. Old Germanic vocabulary: borrowings. The notions of substratum and superstratum.
28. Simple and composite sentence characteristics in Old Germanic languages.
29. The concept of the comparative method: reconstruction and asterisk.
30. The concept of the Indo-Europeans and Indo-European family of languages.
31. The Indo-European tree-diagram of languages: the notions of parent language, daughter languages and dialect; genetically related languages and closely related languages.
32. The home of the Indo-Europeans: the existing concepts.
33. The concept of Kentum and Satem languages.
34. Old Germanic of the Indo-European languages. Basic division. The concept of Proto-Germanic.
35. Periodization of Old Germanic languages. Old North Germanic languages: general characteristics.
36. Periodization of Old Germanic languages. Old West Germanic languages: general characteristics.
37. The West Germanic tree-diagram of languages.
38. The East Germanic branch of languages: general characteristics.
39. The North Germanic branch оf languages: general characteristics.
40. Old Germanic alphabets. The distinguished written records.
41. The Runic alphabet, its origin.
42. Old English literary monuments.
43. Old Icelandic and its literary monuments.
44. Old Saxon and its written records.
45. Pliny’s classification of the Germanic tribes.
46. Main sources of information about the Germanic tribes. The Germanic tribes in the AD
47. The age of migrations: the Visigoths.
48. The age of migrations: the Ostrogoths.
49. Division of the Frankish Empire and its linguistic consequences.
50. Old Germanic mythology and beliefs (general outline).
51. Gods of the Germanic pantheon: the days of the week, names of months.
52. The Époque of Vikings.
53. Old Frisian ethnic community: geographical, cultural, and linguistic evidence.
54. Old English Heptarchy (seven kingdoms). The role of Wessex in unifying the country.
55. Angles, Saxons, Jutes and Frisians: their original home and migration to the British Isles.
56. Paganism vs. Christianity in Old Germanic ethnic communities.
57. Old Germanic peoples’ beliefs and mythology.
58. Early Germanic society: the material and spiritual culture.